Subterranean
Termites

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termite
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Although small in size, these insects create billions of dollars of damage every year. In the Southeast, the population of termites is higher than in other areas. To make matters worse, many homeowners' insurance policies won't cover termite damage. Usually people do not realize there is a problem until it is too late. Their presence is not readily noticed because they hide their activity behind wood trim, siding and wallboards. Let our experience help keep termites away from your home. Our technicians have extensive training and experience in controlling and preventing these pests from making a meal out of your home. Our service provides the latest technologies and methods to control termites.


Subterranean termites have preferences in the type of wood they will eat. Decayed wood is eaten faster and preferred over sound wood. Termites also facilitate decay by increasing moisture content in the wood. This usually means termite damage is associated with decaying wood. Subterranean termites consume wood at approx. 2 - 3 percent of their body weight each day. The average mature colony of eastern subterranean termites contains about 60,000 to 1 million workers. Under the best conditions a colony of 60,000 would consume about 5 grams of wood each day. It would take a colony approx. 118 days to consume a 1 foot length of 2 by 4 pine.

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The order Isoptera consists entirely of termites, which are primitive insects closely related to cockroaches. Termites harbor one-celled organisms in their digestive tracts, and these organisms convert cellulose into substances the termites can digest. Termites are social insects. This means there is a division of labor among different types of termites, called castes.

Termite Worker

Workers and Nymphs

Perform all of the work of the colony and are the forms that do all of the damage to structures.

Termite Soldier

Soldiers

Serve only to defend the colony against enemies; cannot eat wood. Both workers and soldiers are blind.

Termite Primary Reproductive

Primary Reproductives

Winged adults (swarmers) emerge from colonies on colonizing flights. A male and female with pair up, lose their wings, and construct a small cell to mate and start a new colony. The caste most often seen by homeowners. Each termite colony is self-supporting and independent.

Termite Supplementary Reproductive

Supplementary Reproductives

Wingless or short nonfunctional wings. Develop as needed and quickly replace a primary queen who is injured or dies. They are responsible for the production of most of the eggs within a colony after it is established. In a colony of 1 million, the queen may have laid 10,000 eggs and the supplementary reproductives are responsible for the remainder.

Know the Difference: Flying Ants vs. Termite Swarmers

Flying Ant

Flying Ant

Elbowed antennae
Two pairs of wings, rear wings smaller than front wings
Wings have few well-defined veins
Pinched waist
Long legs

Termite Swarmer

Termite Swarmer

Straight antennae
Two pairs of wings the same size and shape
More and finer veins in wings create a lace-like appearance
Broad waist
Short legs

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Termites require specific environmental conditions to survive. Moisture is critical to termite survival because all castes except swarmers are softbodied insects that lose water when exposed to dry air. Therefore, termites construct mud tubes when they pass over exposed areas. The mud tubes provide a moist environment and protect the termites from their enemies.